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LLOYD GEORGE by M r - PUNCH 




"THE CHEF." 
Too many Broths don't spoil this Cook. 



LLOYD GEORGE by 

M r PUNCH With an Introduction 
by W. ALGERNON LOCKER ^ ^ # 




CASSELL & COMPANY, LIMITED 
LONDON, NEW YORK, TORONTO AND MELBOURNE 

1922 




arrangement with the Proprietors of PUNCH 



LLOYD GEORGE by M r PUNCH 




INTRODUCTION 

"VTOT everyone, happily, accepts the 
-^ cynical aphorism " Call no man happy 
until he is dead"; but "Call no man 
famous until he has figured in a Punch 
cartoon " is a statement to which most 
of us would be prepared to subscribe. 
During the past eighty-one years all the 
prominent figures of British political life 
have been the subject of Mr. Punch's 
usually genial but always satirical pencil. 
Most of them enjoyed the joke ; the late 
Lord Goschen once congratulated himself 
in a public speech on having " attained 
to the highest ambition which a states- 
man can reach namely to have a cartoon 
in Punch all to himself." The only not- 
able exception was Lord Brougham, who 
complained that Punch's portraits of him did not do him justice. He received 
appropriate punishment, for when " Dicky " Doyle designed the famous cover, 
still in use, he gave the mask which is dragged in the mire in front of Mr. 
Punch the features of Brougham, and so made him a permanent laughing- 
stock. 

I do not pretend to know the Prime Minister's private opinion, but, as 
no one has ever accused him of lacking a sense of humour, I imagine that 
he rather likes being caricatured, and that it was a proud day for him when 
his portrait first appeared in Punch. That was on December I2th, 1900, 
in the little picture reproduced above, which was prompted by his vigorous 
attacks upon Mr. Joseph Chamberlain in connexion with the South African 
War. He did not attain the Goschen standard and have a full page all to 
himself until nearly six years later, when he had already been nearly sixteen 
years in the House of Commons. 

The reason for this comparatively late arrival into the centre of the political 
stage of a man who has since occupied it almost exclusively is perhaps to be 
found in the circumstances of his birth and upbringing. David Lloyd George 



Ll-yd G-rge and the Dragon! 
Thefir-t drawing of Mr, Lloyd George in "Punch.' 
[Dec. 12, 1900.] 



Introduction 

was born in Manchester, on January lyth, 1863. His father was William 
George, a National school-teacher, who a year or two later, for reasons of 
health, resigned his post, and took a small farm at Haverfordwest, in his 
native South Wales. The young parents had a hard struggle for a few months, 
and then William George died of pneumonia. Mrs. George was obliged to 
give up the farm and sell off her furniture in order to pay the debts. Then 
she wrote to her brother, Richard Lloyd, who was the village cobbler at 
Llanystumdwy, near Criccieth, in North Wales. 

Richard Lloyd was a hero. He invited his sister and her two little boys 
to share his tiny cottage, and thenceforward devoted his life to their welfare. 
David speedily showed the stuff that was in him. Full of mischief, and not 
particularly industrious, he nevertheless, as one of his biographers puts it, 
" just soaked up knowledge as a sponge soaks up water," and was always 
at the top of his class in the village school. The story of how he headed a 
revolt of his schoolfellows against the established practice of going to church 
on Ash Wednesday to recite the Catechism has often been told. The obliga- 
tion to " order myself lowly and reverently before my betters " can never 
have made much appeal to him. 

Had he been born twenty years later, so clever and enterprising a boy 
would, aided by scholarships, have proceeded via the secondary school to a 
University, and thence to a post in the Civil Service, or would have carved 
out a career for himself at the Bar, or in journalism. Someone has said of 
him that he would have made " a splendid leader-writer." But there were 
few scholarships for elementary schoolboys in those days, and none of the 
local magnates had the foresight to provide for his higher education, and 
thereby, perhaps, to change the current of his thoughts and save the landed 
interest from its bitterest foe. 

It was left to the Radical Nonconformist cobbler to provide for his promis- 
ing nephew's future. He determined that David should become a solicitor. 
From his scanty savings he furnished the fees for the necessary examinations, 
and a still more remarkable proof of devotion set himself to acquire the 
elements of French and Latin in order to help his protege to pass them. 

At fourteen the lad passed the preliminary examination of the Incorporated 
Law Society (in whose hall his portrait now hangs) ; two years later he was 
articled ; and at twenty-one he was admitted to the roll. The resources of 
the family had been so exhausted that the newly-fledged solicitor had to go 
into an office and earn the three guineas necessary for his official robe. 

He took a little office at the neighbouring town of Criccieth, and soon 
attracted clients. His powers of speech, developed in the village smithy at 
Llanystumdwy and in the debating-society at Portmadoc, were already known 
throughout the country-side. Persons charged with petty offences at the 
police-courts found that Lawyer George, whatever the merits of the case, 
could always be relied upon to put up a good fight, and that he was not to 
be overawed by any browbeating on the part of the Bench. In one much- 
quoted instance, when defending four men charged with poaching, he objected 
so strongly to their being tried by local landowners that he drove them, 



Introduction 

Chairman and all, from the Bench. In another, dealing with the right of 
Nonconformists to burial in a Church of England graveyard, he challenged 
the ruling of the County Court judge, and appealed to a divisional court in 
London, where Lord Chief Justice Coleridge and another judge decided in 
his favour. He was then twenty-five. 

This triumph made him famous throughout the length and breadth of 
Wales. It was felt that his fighting qualities demanded a wider sphere of 
action. First he was co-opted as an Alderman of the newly-elected Carnarvon- 
shire County Council ; next he was selected as prospective Liberal candidate 
for the Carnarvon Boroughs, then held by a Conservative. 

But the most important event of this annus mirabilis (1888) was his 
marriage to Miss Margaret Owen, the pretty daughter of a local farmer. 
It was a union of minds as well as hearts. Matrimony, which so often 
stifles ambition, in this case only served to strengthen it. As one of his 
biographers puts it, " his vision began to spread over the general field of 
politics instead of remaining exclusively, as hitherto, fixed upon projects 
of special interest to Wales." For the time being, however, his political 
activity was chiefly devoted to the campaign for Welsh Disestablishment. 
The principal defender of the Church in Wales was the Bishop of St. Asaph 
(now Archbishop of Wales). A good story is told of how Mr. Lloyd George, 
who had been brought down to speak in a certain district where Dr. Edwards 
was thought to wield too much influence, was introduced by the Chairman 
of the meeting in the following words : " The Bishop of St. Asaph has been 
speaking against us, and we all know that he is a very great liar. Thank 
God we have a match for him here to-night in Mr. Lloyd George." 

In the spring of 1890 an unexpected vacancy occurred in the Carnarvon 
Boroughs, and in the ensuing by-election Mr. Lloyd George, although opposed 
by the local squire, was successful. His majority was only 18, but narrow 
though it was, like Mercutio's wound, it served. The new member took his 
seat in the House of Commons on April I7th, 1890. I wonder whether as 
he took the oath he remembered the entry that he had made in his diary 
ten years before while on a visit to London : " Went to Houses of Parlia- 
ment. Very much disappointed with them ... I will not say I eyed the 
assembly in the spirit in which William the Conqueror eyed England on his 
visit to Edward the Confessor as the region of his future domain. vanity ! " 
At any rate, he was wisely in no great hurry to begin his conquest, and it was 
nearly two months before he made his maiden speech. It was pronounced a 
success by his friends in the House, but attracted little attention outside. 

During the remaining two years of the Salisbury Parliament Mr. Lloyd 
George was content, for the most part, with watching his fellow-members 
and learning the manners and customs of the House. Some of his impressions 
were recorded in the Parliamentary letters which he contributed to one of 
the Welsh newspapers, but neither at this nor any other time did he show much 
taste for writing. His preference was always for the spoken rather than 
the written word. At the General Election of 1892 he was again returned 
by the Carnarvon Boroughs, with the increased majority of 196. 



Introduction 

Mr. Gladstone had returned to office, but hardly to power, for his majority 
was only 40, and was composed of such heterogeneous elements as Irish 
Nationalists (mainly Roman Catholics) and Welsh Disestablishers (mainly 
extreme Protestants). The young Member for Carnarvon was a supporter 
of Home Rule for Ireland on the general principle of justice to small nation- 
alities, but his first love was Disestablishment. He saw no reason why it 
should be thrust into the background, and did not scruple to tackle the Grand 
Old Man himself though fifty years his senior in age and Parliamentary 
experience for what he considered his dilatoriness in this matter. 

His real chance came after the General Election of 1895. Nearly a hun- 
dred Liberal seats were lost, but he held his own in Carnarvon Boroughs, 
again with a slightly increased majority. His vigorous attacks on the policy 
of the new Unionist Government soon brought him into notice. At the 
end of 1896 Sir Henry Lucy wrote in his " Diary of the Salisbury Parlia- 
ment " : " The nearest approach to the establishment of a new reputation 
is found in the case of Mr. Lloyd George. Early in his career he suffered 
from the indiscretion of an enthusiastic countryman who hailed him as ' the 
Welsh Parnell.' In endeavouring to live up to this mark Mr. Lloyd George 
succeeded in obscuring what the House has this Session recognized as sterling 
qualities in debate." In fact he was developing from a " parochial " into 
an " Imperial " politician. Visits which he made during this Parliament 
to South America and Canada probably helped to hasten the process, for, 
as Kipling says, " What do they know of England who only England know ? " 
With the instinct of the born fighter Mr. Lloyd George chose the strongest 
man in the Government as the main object of his attacks. Mr. Joseph 
Chamberlain, the Colonial Secretary, was then at the zenith of his powers, 
and did not spare those who opposed his South African policy. But 
the young Welsh champion, though often " downed," was never " knocked 
out." 

When the Boer War broke out he was in Canada. He hastened home, 
and was shocked to find that the war appeared to be popular, and that all 
the recognized leaders of the Liberal Party were either approving or in- 
different. Having convinced himself that the Boers were a small nation 
rightly struggling to be free, and that this was in his own phrase " a war 
of plunder," he set himself to convince the rest of his countrymen. At a 
series of meetings throughout the kingdom he denounced the war as an 
infamy. With courage almost suicidal he proposed to hold a meeting in Mr. 
Chamberlain's own bailiwick, and was compelled to flee for his life (disguised 
as a policeman) from the attentions of the Brummagem " toughs." His 
agitation resulted in his becoming for the time being the most unpopular 
man in England, but also one of the best-known. 

The first drawing of him in Punch, as has already been noted, dates from 
this period. His next appearance was in January, 1902, when in " Parlia- 
mentary Indians " (a drawing which for technical reasons has not been re- 
produced) he was represented as a young " brave " adorning an old Chief 
(Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman) with " stop-the-war paint." On July 2gth, 



Introduction 

1903, he appeared for the first time in a cartoon. It represented Parliament 
as the " Old Woman Who Lived in a Shoe " lamenting over the number 
of " groups " into which the historic parties had been split. On this occasion 
Mr. Punch, though doubtless accurate in depicting the actual state of affairs, 
cannot be said to have shown his usual " intelligent anticipation of events 
before they occur," for Mr. Lloyd George is shown waving an anti-Imperialist 
banner. 

From this time forward the fissures in the Unionist Party consequent 
upon the Tariff Reform campaign began to widen, and to encourage the 
Liberals' hopes of a return to office. A cartoon on January 25th, 1905, 
represented Mr. Balfour as weary of the burdens of the Premiership, and 
Messrs. Lloyd George and Winston Churchill as " Ready to Oblige" by taking 
them over. But the demise of the Balfour Administration was delayed, 
and in April we see the Member for Carnarvon as one of a group of expectant 
" Mourners Out of Employment." 

At last, however, the end came. In December, 1905, Mr. Balfour resigned, 
and Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman was invited to form an Administration. 
Like Mr. Chamberlain in 1880, Mr. Lloyd George had made himself too pro- 
minent to be overlooked, and by an interesting coincidence he was given 
the same office, the Presidency of the Board of Trade, i Mr. Punch seized 
the opportunity (January 3rd, 1906) to depict him in levee-dress. 

There was some shaking of heads among old-fashioned Liberals at the 
promotion of one whom they regarded as a firebrand. But their fears were 
quickly dissipated. The new Minister, who had been so fiery in Opposition, 
was suave and courteous on the Treasury Bench. With characteristic energy 
he set himself to master the machinery of his Department, and soon showed 
by his answers to " supplementary " questions the great test of callow 
Ministers that he had succeeded in his task. Out of office he had expressed 
strong views regarding what he considered the undue influence exercised 
by permanent officials on Governmental policy ; but he got on very well 
with his own staff, despite his rather unconventional methods of adminis- 
tration. For example, when there was a railway accident at Shrewsbury 
in which twenty people were killed, he insisted on accompanying the Board 
of Trade Inspector to the scene of the accident, and himself took an active 
part in the official inquiry that followed. Among the measures that he 
passed was the Patents and Designs Act, which provided inter alia, rather 
to the consternation of the rigid Free-Traders, that a foreigner must, as 
a condition of holding a British patent, manufacture his goods in this 
country. As its author said, in reply to his Cobdenite critics, " Free 
Trade may be the alpha, but it is not the omega, of Liberal policy." The 
Merchant Shipping Act gave British sailors better food and healthier con- 
ditions than they had formerly enjoyed, and insisted that foreign ships using 
British ports should maintain the same standards. Equally important, 
from the historical point of view, was his successful intervention in a railway 
dispute which threatened to end in a universal strike. It was his initial 
effort in the role of conciliator, and it brought him for the first time in his 



hitroduction 

life the praise of his political opponents (see Cartoon, " The Lubricator," 
November I3th, 1907). 

The only people, indeed, who looked a little askance at him were the 
militant Nonconformists of Wales. In his early days in Parliament he had 
been so enthusiastic in the cause of Welsh nationalism, and particularly of 
the disestablishment and disendowment of the Church in Wales, that they 
had apparently expected his inclusion in the Ministry to be immediately 
followed by the realization of their hopes. But to their disgust they found 
that Disestablishment had been relegated to an unknown future, and that 
they were still called upon to pay rates for the maintenance of schools in 
which the hated Catechism was taught. The only boon their trusted champion 
had been able to secure for them was the establishment of a special Welsh 
branch in the Education Department. Mr. Punch evidently thought this 
a remarkable exploit, and on the strength of it paid Mr. Lloyd George the 
compliment, for the first time, of a cartoon all to himself (see " Carnarvon," 
July 25th, 1906). But the Welsh extremists v/ere not placated, and a year 
later we see them (under the guise of a goat) trying to prod their now 
rather reluctant knight into greater activity against the Church dragon. 

In the spring of 1908 Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, smitten with a 
mortal illness, resigned the Premiership, and was succeeded by Mr. Asquith, 
the Chancellor of the Exchequer. As he had done very well at the Exchequer 
on the traditional lines of British finance, and had materially reduced the 
heavy debt left by the South African War, there were many who hoped that he 
would follow the example set by Gladstone on more than one occasion, and 
combine the Chancellorship with the Premiership. Mr. Lloyd George's claims 
to promotion were, however, very strong, for besides doing his departmental 
work very well he had been the principal mainstay of the Government's 
defence in the House of Commons. Not without some misgivings, we may 
imagme they would have been greater if Mr. Asquith had foreseen the 
future the Prime Minister offered him the Chancellorship. At the same time 
Messrs. Churchill, McKenna, and Runciman were admitted to the inner circle 
of the Government (see " Cabinet Cherubs," April 22nd, 1908). 

Mr. Lloyd George's qualifications as a financier were at that time an 
unknown quantity, and perhaps wisely Mr. Asquith decided to introduce 
the Budget which he had already prepared. For the most part it was of the 
same steady-going character as its predecessors, but it contained one startling 
novelty the announcement of a scheme of Old Age Pensions for the aged poor. 
This was a boon which had long been talked about by both parties Mr 
Chamberlain was one of its principal supporters but had hitherto been 
deemed impracticable owing to financial stringency. As the scheme was not 
to come into operation until January, 1909, not much money was required 
for it in the current financial year, but it involved a heavy contingent liability 
for future years, for which Mr. Asquith left his successor to find the money. 
Mr. Punch hit off the situation in a cartoon, " The Millstone," on May 2yth, 
1908, the day before Mr. Lloyd George introduced the Old Age Pensions Bill. 
He returned to the subject on August 5th, by which time the Chancellor 



Introduction 

had made it clear that lie meant to find the necessary money by 
taxing the richer classes, in a cartoon depicting Mr. Lloyd George as 
'' The Philanthropic Highwayman." Another, on September 23rd, showing 
British trade complaining that she was " Not the bird she was," illustrated 
the growing anxiety of the commercial community regarding the fiscal 
policy of the Chancellor. 

Without attempting to anticipate the verdict of history I think it may 
safely be said that Mr. Lloyd George was a social reformer first and a financier 
afterwards. The policy of all his predecessors without exception had been 
to act as guardians of the national purse, to resist to the uttermost all new 
demands upon it, to maintain the supervision of the Treasury over the spend- 
ing departments, and to live up to Mr. Gladstone's principle of leaving as 
much money as possible to fructify in the pockets of the taxpayer. That, 
as Mr. Weedon Grossmith used to say in " The Pantomime Rehearsal," 
was not Mr. Lloyd George's " conception of the part." From his earliest 
years he had chafed at the gross inequalities of fortune between the classes 
and the masses. He knew that many of the poor his own uncle, for 
example did not deserve their poverty. He strongly suspected that a good 
many of the opulent did not deserve their riches. " Most of the wealth 
of this country," he said on one occasion, " is accumulated a good deal 
by luck." Now that he was in control of the nation's finances he deter- 
mined to start redressing the balance. The ordinary Chancellor, faced 
with the necessity of finding ten or twelve millions for Old Age Pensions, 
would have contented himself with imposing taxation to that extent. 
Mr. Lloyd George determined while he was about it to raise a good deal 
more, and to employ the balance in initiating other schemes of national 
benefit. 

Another motive influenced his choice of methods. The House of Lords 
had long been a stumbling-block in the path of Liberal legislation. Already 
in the three years of the present Parliament the Peers had rejected two 
measures of the first importance the Education Bill of 1906, and the Licens- 
ing Bill of 1908 (for Lord Lansdowne's attitude see cartoon " The Handy 
Custodian," October I4th, 1908). The House of Lords must be punished, 
and, as it was almost a house of landlords, the simplest and to Mr. Lloyd 
George (whose early experiences had made him an out-and-out land reformer) 
the most attractive way was to tax their acres. Either they would yield, 
and so contribute heavily to the nation's needs, or they would resist, and 
give the Liberals an opportunity of fighting them on ground much more 
favourable than either Education or Liquor. 

The Chancellor made no secret of his general intentions. " I have got 
to rob somebody's hen-roost next year," he had said in a much-quoted phrase. 
The tax-paying classes were naturally alarmed at the prospect before them. 
Mr. Punch had more than one pictorial reference to their anxieties. In the 
frontispiece to his first half-yearly volume for 1909 John Bull was represented 
as a camel, weighed down with burdens, and turning a plaintive gaze upon 
his remorseless driver, Mr. Lloyd George ; and in a cartoon that appeared 



Introduction 

on April 28th, 1909, the eve of the Budget, the Chancellor was depicted as 
a hungry ogre, the Giant Gorgibuster. 

There was a great scene in the House of Commons on the following 
day, when Mr. Lloyd George rose to expound his first Budget. Members 
crowded the floor and the side galleries, and even overflowed into the 
Strangers' Gallery, from which the public, owing to the tactics of the militant 
suffragettes, had been temporarily excluded. The Chancellor looked rather 
nervous, as well he might, but there was no tremor in his musical voice as 
he began his examination of the national finance. For a long time it revealed 
nothing more sensational than that, owing to the demands of the Navy 
(due to the great expansion of the German fleet) and of Old Age Pensions, 
there would on the existing basis of taxation be a deficit of sixteen millions. 

The sensations began when he passed on to consider the new schemes of 
national benefit which the Government had in mind the insurance of work- 
men against unemployment, the improvement of the countryside by new 
methods of agricultural instruction, the development of afforestation, the 
provision of light railways, and the reclamation of land. One topic after 
another was described with a wealth of illustration in the orator's fascinating 
style, and the cheers that followed were not confined to one side of the 
House. But after speaking for about two hours the orator began to falter. 
He had planned his speech on a scale that made too great a demand upon his 
physical resources, and seemed on the point of breaking down. Mr. Balfour, 
who was leading the Opposition, came to the rescue with a suggestion that 
the debate should be adjourned for half an hour, and this was gratefully 
accepted. During the interval members discussed the speech. A great 
scheme but how was he going to pay for it ? They soon found out when 
the Chancellor returned like a giant refreshed. The income-tax was raised 
from is. to is. 2d., and in addition a super-tax of 6d. in the pound was 
imposed on all incomes of over 5,000 a year. These figures seem delight- 
fully small in these days, but to the minds of the prospective victims they 
appeared terrific thirteen years ago. So with the increase in the death 
duties when Mr. Lloyd George announced that on estates of over a million 
the rate would be 15 per cent, one very wealthy member could bear the 
strain no longer, but rose and left the House amid the ironical laughter of 
his neighbours. And that did not end the tale. The tax on motor-cars 
was sharply raised, so that even on a comparatively small car, as Mr. Punch 
noted in a small picture, it amounted to 8 8s. So were the customs and 
excise duties, and the cost of liquor licences. This last impost was a direct 
retort to the Peers' rejection of the Licensing Bill the year before. 

Startling as they were in amount, there was nothing particularly novel 
in these changes : they were simply an extension on the lines laid down by 
previous Chancellors. The really original feature of the Budget was an 
elaborate system of land duties, devised to secure for the public the benefit 
of that hitherto elusive entity " unearned increment." To enable it to be 
collected there was to be a complete valuation of all the land in the country, 
and landowners were to furnish full particulars of their estates in order that 



Introduction 

it might be made. From this source the Chancellor hoped to receive a steadily 
growing revenue with which to finance his social reforms. " This," he said 
happily unknowing what the term was to mean in a few years " is a 
war Budget. It is for raising money to wage implacable warfare against 
poverty and squalidness. I cannot help hoping and believing that before 
this generation has passed away we shall have advanced a great step to- 
ward that good time when poverty and wretchedness, and the human degra- 
dation which always follows in its camp, will be as remote from the people 
of this country as the wolves which once infested its forests." 

The Budget was hailed with enthusiasm in the Liberal and Labour Press, 
and for a day or two the grandiosity of its conception seemed almost to have 
stifled criticism. But in a very short time the critics found their breath, 
and began to assail its proposals, particularly the land taxes, with unex- 
ampled vigour and ferocity. Its author was denounced as a " Robber " 
and his schemes were described at once as predatory and impracticable. 
There was, perhaps, some ground for the latter epithet. I was told not long 
ago by a high official of the Treasury that if the land duties had been allowed 
to go through as they were originally introduced they would have proved 
unworkable ; it was only the prolonged hammering that they received 
in Committee on the Finance Bill that welded them into some sort of 
coherence. Even so, they never produced enough revenue to meet the 
cost of valuation, and ten years after their introduction were withdrawn as 
useless. 

The opposition to the Finance Bill was by no means confined to the classes 
directly affected by the new duties. It was reinforced by the opinion of the 
" City," which Punch reflected in a cartoon of the Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer as Canute retreating from a wave of " Financial Common Sense," 
and received a good deal of support from the general public. As Mr. Lloyd 
George himself once said, " The last thing in the world John Bull wants is 
to be mollycoddled," and many people were more concerned with the imme- 
diate burden of the new imposts than with the future benefits held out to 
them. The Chancellor had possibly not realized, moreover, how large was 
the number of people interested in the ownership of land smallholders, 
members of building societies, speculative builders, and their employes 
who were ready to resist what they regarded as an attack upon their property 
or their means of livelihood. Together they contributed a formidable force, 
whose objections had to be taken into account. 

A few of them were met in the Finance Bill, but on the whole the differ- 
ences between the Budget and the Bill were small and unimportant, as 
Mr. Punch noted in " The Transformation Trick " shortly after its intro- 
duction. The agitation against the proposed new taxes became stronger 
and more vituperative as time went on. But Mr. Lloyd George belongs 
to that species of which the French savant observed that " when attacked 
it defends itself." On July 30th he went down to Limehouse, and 
there delivered a reply in which he declared, among other things, that his 
opponents were " assailing these taxes with a concentrated and sustained 



Introduction 

ferocity which will not even allow a comma to escape with its life." Well, 
he certainly gave them as good as he got. Dispensing with the polite peri- 
phrases usually employed in political controversy he employed all the re- 
sources of a singularly pungent vocabulary in denunciation of the " Dukes " 
and the "idle rich." For some time after this outburst there was a serious 
danger that a new verb, " To Limehouse," would be permanently added to 
the language. 

The agitation throughout the country continued, and to counteract it 
the Liberals started a Budget League which sent speakers into the rural 
districts. As the Chancellor of the Exchequer was too busy piloting the 
Finance Bill through the House of Commons to take much part in the extra- 
Parliamentary campaign gramophone records of his speeches were used to 
stir up enthusiasm in the villages. Mr. Punch duly noticed this develop- 
ment in one of many cartoons dealing with the agitation. In another it was 
hinted that Mr. Asquith, the Prime Minister, was a little perturbed at the 
licence which his lieutenants, Mr. Lloyd George and Mr. Churchill, were per- 
mitting themselves. Apparently the Peers were under the impression that 
the Budget was unpopular, for when the Finance Bill reached the Upper 
House, " Decked for the Sacrifice" (October 27th), they refused to pass it 
without an appeal to the country. 

The challenge was promptly taken up. Parliament was immediately 
dissolved, and in the interval before the General Election a terrific campaign 
was launched against the House of Lords. Needless to say, Mr. Lloyd George 
was its fugleman. In a speech delivered shortly after the rejection of the 
Bill he said, " We have got to arrest the criminal. We have to see he per- 
petrates no further crime. A new chapter is now being written for the sinister 
assembly which is more responsible than any other power for wrecking popular 
hopes, but which, in my judgment, has perpetrated its last act of destructive 
fury." 

At the General Election of January, 1910, Mr. Lloyd George was again 
returned for Carnarvon Boroughs, but many Liberal candidates were defeated, 
and Mr. Asquith found himself dependent for a working majority on the 
support of the Irish Nationalist and Labour groups. The Ministry was re- 
constituted, and Mr. Churchill, who had ably seconded Mr. Lloyd George 
in the campaign, was admitted to the Cabinet as Home Secretary. The Budget 
was reintroduced, and this time was meekly passed by the House of Lords, 
which was now chiefly concerned with the threatened attack upon its privi- 
leges. The House of Commons passed a series of resolutions demanding the 
absolute exclusion of the Upper House from the domain of finance, the limita- 
tion of its power of veto over measures passed by the Commons, and its recon- 
stitution as an elective instead of an hereditary chamber. The first two of 
these were embodied in the Parliament Bill. It was obvious that the Lords 
would not pass such a measure except under duress, and towards the end of 
the year it became known that the Government were prepared, if necessary, 
to recommend King George (who had succeeded his father in the spring of 
this year) to create as many Peers as might be necessary to vote down the 



Introduction 

Opposition in the Upper House (sec Cartoon, " The Chance of a Lifetime," 
December 28th). 

Another General Election held to ascertain the opinion of the country 
upon these proposals made no appreciable change in the balance of parties. 
A large part of the Session of the following year was devoted to the Parliament 
Bill. In the Lords a strong party was in favour of resisting it at all costs, 
but the majority, afraid of being swamped by the threatened new creations, 
gave it a reluctant assent. 

Mr. Lloyd George's activities were not confined to the constitutional 
struggle. During a visit to Germany which lie made in 1908 he was much 
struck with the care that the German Empire took of the health of its citizens, 
and determined to see whether, with due regard to British idiosyncrasies, 
something of the same kind could not be done in this country. The result 
was the National Insurance Bill which he introduced on May 4th, 1911. His 
persuasive eloquence at first secured a welcome for the Bill, but very soon the 
voice of criticism was heard. It came chiefly from the medical profession, 
which feared that the State fees would not compensate for the loss of private 
practice ; from domestic servants a notoriously conservative class who 
did not like the enforced deductions from their wages ; and from their 
mistresses, who objected to the " stamp-licking " involved. 

Historically, the most striking event in Mr. Lloyd George's career during 
1911 was the speech that he made on July 2ist at the Mansion House. Hitherto 
he had been regarded as a " Little Englander," entirely immersed in domestic 
affairs. Now for the first time lie appeared as an Imperial statesman. Ger- 
many had been for some time shaking the " mailed fist " at France over 
Morocco, and had crowned her provocations by sending a warship to the 
Moorish port of Agadir. Apparently she was under the impression that 
the Entente was as ilimsy as her own " scraps of paper," and that Britain 
would give her friends in France no practical assistance. The Chancellor 
of the Exchequer was selected, probably because of his known reputation 
as a peace-lover, to dissipate this illusion. He reminded the Germans that 
Britain had more than once redeemed continental nations Germany herself 
included from overwhelming disaster and international extinction. " If," 
he proceeded, " a situation were to be forced upon us in which peace could 
only be preserved by the surrender of the great and beneficent position 
which Britain has won by centuries of heroism and achievement, by allowing 
Britain to be treated when her interests are vitally affected as if she were of 
no account in the Cabinet of Nations, then I say emphatically that peace 
at that price would be a humiliation intolerable for a great country like ours 
to endure." 

The speech created a great sensation, and for the time being caused Ger- 
many to draw in her horns. Lord Fisher in his "Memories" says: "Those 
choice words of Lloyd George upset the German apple-cart in a way it was 
never \ipset before." It may seem strange that it received no direct 
notice in Punch. That was simply due to the fact that it was delivered on 
a Friday, and that the Punch dinner at which the cartoons for the following 



Introduction 

week are settled is held on a Wednesday. Statesmen and others desirous of 
immortalization should bear this in mind, and be careful to deliver their 
epoch-making speeches, execute their heroic deeds, or launch their startling 
" stunts " not later than Wednesday afternoon. Although Mr. Punch 
neglected Mr. Lloyd George's speech, he illustrated its effect in a cartoon 
representing a German militarist stubbing his toe on a rock marked " Entente 
Cordiale," and ejaculating " Donnerwetter ! I thought it was going to be 
paper." 

At the end of this year, rather to the surprise of the Liberal Party, the 
Lords, chastened by their past experience, passed the Insurance Bill without 
serious alteration. But Mr. Lloyd George had a good deal of difficulty with 
doctors and others in getting the Act into operation. Several cartoons in 
1912 dealt with this subject. Eventually he effected a settlement by agreeing 
to pay an increased fee of 8s. 6d. for each patient on the panel. He had a 
good many other trials this year. The Cabinet was divided on " Votes for 
Women," and though Mr. Lloyd George was himself favourable, that did 
not spare him from the hostile attentions of the militant suffragettes. Trade 
was not too good. Consols continued to sag, and though the Budget showed 
a good surplus much of it was swallowed up by the increasing demands of 
the Navy. The enthusiasm for social reform began to die down. To add 
to the Chancellor's anxieties heavy rains injured the harvest. Nevertheless, 
though the land taxes did not evoke much popularity, he continued to press 
on with the machinery for their collection, and was accused in the Oppo- 
sition Press of having inspired with that object a secret land inquiry. 

In 1913 Mr. Lloyd George was more engaged in completing old plans 
than in developing new ones. But by this time he was a standing dish in 
Punch, which during the year added nearly a score of pictures of him to its 
gallery. Two or three were devoted to an unfortunate incident which did 
some temporary injury to his reputation. With Sir Rufus Isaacs and the 
Master of Elibank he purchased some shares in the American Marconi Company, 
at a time when the parent institution was in negotiation with the Govern- 
ment. It was a thoughtless act which a man of the world would have 
avoided ; but its heinousness was exaggerated by party spleen. A Committee 
of the House of Commons found that the culprits had been guilty of nothing 
worse than folly, and Punch endorsed its verdict with a cartoon, entitled 
" Blameless Telegraphy." Several cartoons deal with the development of 
the land campaign, and with the amendment of the Insurance Act. One 
deserves a word of special notice. In " The German Lloyd," the Kaiser 
and the British Chancellor of the Exchequer are represented as conducting 
an amicable conversation over the telephone on the subject of taxing capital. 
This was the first time that Punch brought into pictorial juxtaposition the 
two men who were to be the protagonists of the Great War. 

The fateful year 1914 opened with few forebodings. Our relations with 
Germany had improved since the Agadir imbroglio. So little did Mr. Lloyd 
George himself foresee the coming thunderstorm that in a New Year's message 
to a newspaper he said : " I think this is the most favourable moment that 



Introduction 

has presented itself within the last twenty years to overhaul our expenditure 
on armaments." After all he was no worse a prophet than the late Lord 
Granville, who, on becoming Foreign Secretary, in July, 1870, stated on the 
authority of the Permanent Under-Secretary that there was hardly a cloud 
on the Continental horizon and this just ten days before the outbreak of 
the Franco-Prussian War. 

Punch reflected the general optimism. It had many pictures chaffing the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, chiefly in regard to his land campaign (e.g. as 
" The Monarch of the Glen A New Land-seer)." By a rather strange coinci- 
dence the last of these appeared on July 23rd, less than a fortnight before 
the outbreak of the war, and it represented Mr. Lloyd George as a German ! 

Perhaps it helped to create the impression that the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer was opposed to Britain's entry into the war. He was undoubtedly 
reluctant, nor was that remarkable in a man of his upbringing and anti- 
militarist opinions. But he did not take long to make up his mind. The 
invasion of Belgium decided him. It brought into play the same feeling 
that had caused his hostility to the Boer War the desire to hasten to the 
aid of a small nation oppressed by a great one. From that moment the war 
had no more fervent supporter, and Germany no more dangerous enemy. 
His first business was to ensure our financial stability. One of the stock 
prophecies had been that war would mean a panic in the City, banks stopping 
payment, commerce paralysed. Thanks to the moratorium, and other 
measures promptly taken after consultation with the financial experts, the 
panic, such as it was, lasted only a day, the Bank-rate fell more quickly than 
it had risen, and in a very short time " Business as usual " was the slogan 
of the day. In addition to these special duties the Chancellor of the Exchequer 
took a part second to none in arousing the enthusiasm of the country in a 
scries of speeches. Here is a passage from one of them, which apart from its 
intrinsic beauty is a striking example of the kind of oratory in which he has 
no living compeer : 

" We have been living in a sheltered valley for generations. We have 
been too comfortable and too self-indulgent, many perhaps too selfish ; 
and the stern hand of fate has scourged us to an elevation where we 
can see the everlasting things that matter the great peaks we had for- 
gotten, of Duty, Honour, Patriotism, and, clad in glittering white, the 
towering pinnacle of Sacrifice, pointing like a. rugged finger to Heaven." 

From this time forward, for obvious reasons, there were comparatively 
few pictures of him in Punch. It had no desire to satirize statesmen helping 
to win the war, and had abundant subjects for ridicule in the Kaiser and the 
other potentates, diplomats, and soldiers arrayed against us. In one of his 
speeches, a propos of the issue of the first War Loan, the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer described himself as " simply a coal-heaver, filling the bunkers 
of the battleships," and Punch illustrated this phrase in the only picture of 
him that appeared during the war period of 1914. 



Introduction 

The key-word of 1915 was " munitions." Very early in the year it became 
evident to the Cabinet, and to the Chancellor of the Exchequer in particular, 
that far greater supplies of arms and ammunition of every kind would be re- 
quired than the country was at that time organized to produce. As he said 
in February, " This is an engineer's war. We stand more in need of equipment 
than we do of men." In the following month the Government introduced a 
Bill giving them control of all works capable of being used for the production 
of war material. In commending the measure to the House of Commons 
the Chancellor said that at the head of the new organization they wanted 
" a good strong business man with some ' go ' in him who would be able to 
push the thing through." Eventually " the man of push and go " was dis- 
covered in Mr. Lloyd George himself, and in April he became Chairman of 
the Cabinet Committee on Munitions. Punch evidently had confidence that 
the right man had been found, for on April 2ist it had a spirited cartoon 
representing him as the driver of an ammunition wagon " Delivering the 
Goods." 

Shortly after this Mr. Asquith reconstructed the Government as a Coalition, 
with the full approval of the Chancellor of the Exchequer ; and in the new 
Administration Mr. Lloyd George became Minister of Munitions. His appoint- 
ment was noted in a little picture representing him with Lord Kitchener, 
" The Soldier and the Munition-maker Both needed to serve the guns." 
He threw himself into his new work with characteristic energy. Difficulties 
were many notably a serious dispute with the South Wales miners, which 
lie succeeded in settling (" Another Leek in his Cap," July 28th). But by 
the end of the year he was able to report that there was now no shortage of 
shells, high-explosive or other, and that very soon we should be able to supply 
those of our Allies who were in need of them. " Just in Time Mr. Lloyd 
George catches the Victoria "Bus," was the way Punch pictured it. 

Nevertheless things did not go too well for our arms in 1916. Reverses 
abroad were followed by the Easter Monday rebellion in Dublin. Mr. Asquith 
decided to send the Minister of Munitions to Ireland to see if his well-known 
powers of conciliation would succeed in evolving a settlement between North 
and South. At one moment he seemed to have succeeded, but the agree- 
ment broke down when it had to be translated into fact. In the meantime 
he had become Secretary of State for War, owing to the tragic death of Lord 
Kitchener. After the heavy losses in the Somme battles the need of more 
men for the Army had become urgent, and during the autumn session the 
War Minister announced that it would be necessary to enlist men up to the 
age of forty-one. Throughout the year he had been growing more and 
more dissatisfied with the conduct of the war by the Government. Mr. 
Asquith had many excellent qualities, but the power of rapid decision, so 
essential in war where opportunities disappear almost before they have arisen, 
was not one of them. Mr. Lloyd George pleaded for a smaller War Council ; 
with the Prime Minister as its nominal chairman, but himself as its active 
head. Mr. Asquith seemed favourable to the idea, but procrastinated so long 
that, after much futile negotiation, Mr. Lloyd George resigned. 



Introduction 

Then Mr. Asquith, feeling his position untenable, also resigned. Mr. 
Bonar Law, the leader of the Unionist Party, was invited to form a Govern- 
ment, but failed owing to the refusal of Mr. Asquith to serve under him ; 
and eventually Mr. Lloyd George was sent for by the King. In a few days 
he succeeded in forming an Administration, composed of members of the 
Liberal, Unionist, and Labour Parties. His advancement to the highest 
office in the State was generally popular, for it was clear that he possessed 
the driving-power essential in this crisis of the national fortunes. Punch 
welcomed it with two pictures " The Man with a Punch," December I3th, 
and " The New Conductor," December 2oth. 

The principal innovation made by Mr. Lloyd George on becoming Prime 
Minister was the establishment of a War Cabinet of three men himself as Chair- 
man (with Mr. Bonar Law, Leader of the House of Commons, as " alternate "), 
Lord Curzon, and Lord Milner. The choice of Lord Milner the principal 
opponent of his famous Budget who had advised the Lords to " damn the 
consequences " and reject it was typical of his methods. Past controversies 
and personal antipathies were all swallowed up in his single-minded determina- 
tion to win the war, and to secure the best instruments for the purpose wherever 
he could rind them. Many of the new ministers came from the world of 
business, and had little experience of politics. Unlike the old War Council, 
whose sittings were at irregular intervals, the new War Cabinet met every 
day, and its proceedings were carefully minuted. An army of private secre- 
taries was appointed to keep the Prime Minister in touch with every Depart- 
ment, and to provide the Press (whose importance Mr. Lloyd George had 
recognized throughout his career) with such information as it was thought 
desirable for the public to know. In every direction his energies were un- 
sparing, but for the most part his work was done behind the scenes. Hence 
it furnished comparatively little opportunity for Punch pictures of him this 
year. The publication of the Mesopotamia Report, the appointment of 
Lord Rhondda as Food Controller, the rationing of coal, and the ever recurrent 
difficulties in Ireland were some of the topics illustrated. From the Londoner's 
point of view the most telling cartoon was probably " The Letter and the 
Spirit," October loth, arising out of a report that the Prime Minister, on 
visiting a South London district which had been badly bombed by the German 
aeroplanes, had remarked " We'll give them hell ! " Though officially re- 
pudiated the expression was generally believed to represent his feelings with 
sufficient accuracy. 

The great events of 1918 the German " push " in March, the turning 
of the tide in June, and the rapid retirement of the German Armies before 
the Anglo-French advance, culminating in the Armistice on November nth 
furnished Punch with such a wealth of subjects for illustration that there 
was little occasion for introducing the Prime Minister. In the spring he 
attempted once more to induce Nationalist Ireland to take her part in the 
war by the promise of Home Rule, but again without success. With the Allied 
victories in the autumn came talk of a General Election, and in December it 
was duly held. It was something of a leap in the dark, for under an Act 



Introduction 

passed by the Lloyd George Administration the franchise had been extended 
to women, and the electorate increased by many millions. But the new 
voters justified the Prime Minister's " Great Expectations " by giving the 
Coalition an enormous majority. 

With the removal of the nightmare that had afflicted it for four years 
the public mind showed extraordinary resiliency. The most extravagant 
hopes (as we now know) were indulged regarding a rapid return of prosperity, 
to be secured by immense payments from Germany. Mr. Lloyd George, 
whose temperament makes him very susceptible to public opinion, shared 
these hopes, and, on the strength of the coming indemnity, formulated great 
schemes of national reconstruction for making Britain a land for heroes to 
live in. At the beginning of the New Year Punch warned him to " look out 
for bumps." His first duty was to represent Britain at the Peace Conference, 
but his attention was frequently diverted by the alarming growth of Labour 
unrest. Nevertheless steady progress was made in Paris, and by April the 
first draft of the Peace terms was completed. The Prime Minister, though 
a comparative novice in international affairs, showed his customary facility 
for picking up the important points, and very soon dominated the Conference 
by his personality. This is what Mr. J. M. Keynes, not a friendly critic, 
says about him in " The Economic Consequences of the Peace " : 

" What chance could such a man [Pres. W r ilson] have against Mr. Lloyd 
George's unerring, almost medium-like sensibility to everyone imme- 
diately round him ? To see the British Prime Minister watching the 
company, with six or seven senses not available to ordinary men, judging 
character, motive and sub-conscious impulse, foreseeing what each was 
thinking, and even what each was going to say next, and compounding 
with telepathic instinct the argument or appeal best suited to the vanity, 
weakness, or self-interest of his immediate auditor, was to realize that 
the poor President would be playing blind-man's-buff in that party." 

Nevertheless his action aroused a good deal of Press criticism, much 
of it coming from Lord Northcliffe's newspapers, which had formerly 
been among his strongest supporters. His absence from the House of 
Commons also excited remark ; the need of greater economy in the public 
services was rapidly becoming urgent ; and towards the end of the year 
the perennial Irish problem again came to the fore. A new Home Rule Bill 
was foreshadowed. The proposal to set up two parliaments in Ireland was 
not welcomed by the Nationalists, but it satisfied the susceptibilities of Ulster 
and secured the assent of the Unionist Party. 

In 1920 the inevitable reaction after the hectic prosperity of the previous 
year began to set in. The Labour Party was encouraged by one or two by- 
elections to cherish hopes of power, and those whose wish was father to their 
thought prophesied the downfall of the Coalition. The Irish Republicans 
refused to accept in satisfaction of their demands a Bill which gave a separate 
Parliament to Ulster. The international situation was far from satisfactory, 



Introduction 

for President Wilson had failed to induce his countrymen to back his project 
of the League of Nations. It was hoped that the return of Mr. Asquith to 
Parliament for Paisley would pull the Opposition together and indirectly 
cause the two branches of the Coalition to maintain a closer union. But 
the ex-Premier, " The Reluctant Thruster," as Mr. Punch called him, 
did his spiriting so gently that little was accomplished in either direction. 
The " homes for heroes " made rather slow progress, partly owing to 
financial stringency, and partly to Labour difficulties. In spite of all these 
distractions, however, Mr. Lloyd George was able to continue the process j 
of peace-making, and to make tentative efforts for the re-establishment of 
trade with Russia. Though much criticized by the Press, he continued to 
preserve his usual cheerfulness, and even permitted the Colonial Secretary 
and other members of the Cabinet to join in the journalistic fray. German 
recalcitrancy and Polish ambition were among his numerous distractions, , 
but lie managed to take a short holiday in Switzerland, from which he re- 
turned with renewed vigour and a St. Bernard pup to face the many difficulties 
still awaiting him. Of these the chief was Ireland, where the " gunmen " 
of the I.R.A. had established a reign of terror; but hardly second was the 
public outcry against Government extravagance. The Prime Minister might 
well have lost heart at the gloomy outlook. 

The New Year of 1921 did not bring much enlightenment. Already 
there were signs of a cleavage of view between the British and French Govern- 
ments over the question of German reparations. A by-election in Cardigan- 
shire nearly resulted in the defeat of the Premier's candidate ; and was followed 
by the usual rumours of a Dissolution. The trade arrangement with Russia 
brought very little business, owing to the continued anarchy in that country. 
Worst of all, Mr. Bonar Law was ordered by his doctors to give up political 
work, and the Prime Minister was thus deprived at a critical moment of his 
most valued coadjutor. Mr. Law's place as Leader of the House was taken 
by Mr. Chamberlain, but it was freely prophesied that there would be greater 
difficulties with the Unionist wing of the Coalition in future. Immediately 
afterwards began the great coal stoppage, which paralysed trade for three 
months, and with this and the still unsettled problems of Germany and Ireland 
the Prime Minister had his hands full. Mr. Punch seized the opportunity 
to illustrate the courage with which lie faced his tasks by representing him 
as " The Chef," after Sir William Orpen's famous picture. The necessity 
of retrenching the public services became more urgent, and eventually Mr. 
Lloyd George was obliged to part with Dr. Addison, who, after serving with 
him in various capacities, had recently become Minister Without Portfolio. 

Some improvement set in after the turn of the year. After causing an 
immense amount of expenditure and loss the coal dispute was at last settled ; 
preliminaries were arranged for the Disai-mament Conference at Washington, 
at which it was hoped "(but not by the Northcliffe Press) that Mr. Lloyd 
George would attend ; and relations with France temporarily improved. 
But even on a brief holiday in the Highlands the Prime Minister was pursued 
by the spectre of Unemployment, and it became necessary to hold a short 



Introduction 

Session in the autumn to pass a number of emergency measures to relieve 
distress. 

For the second time within recent history " the one bright spot " was 
Ireland. Ever since June, when the King opened the first Parliament of 
Northern Ireland with a most conciliatory speech, the Government had been 
making efforts to get into touch with the Sinn Fein leaders. As early as 
August the Prime Minister laid down in admirably precise terms the conditions 
on which the Cabinet were prepared to set up Dominion Government 
in Southern Ireland. But Mr. de Valera, the " President " of the Irish 
" Republic," proved to be a very sticky and somewhat tricky negotiator. 
Difficulties also occurred with Northern Ireland. The Irish Conference 
dragged on so long that Mr. Lloyd George was compelled to forgo his promised 
visit to Washington. But thanks to the patience and good sense of both the 
British and Irish delegates, clinched at the critical moment by the firmness 
of the Prime Minister, an agreement, differing little in essentials from the 
terms originally laid down in August, was eventually reached, with the 
approval of the majority of both Liberals and Unionists, and amid the plaudits 
of the civilized world. Mr. Punch greeted the achievement with a cartoon 
in which the Prime Minister was represented as the successor of St. Patrick, 
ridding Ireland of its last reptile, the serpent of " Distrust." 

It was a happy ending to a year full of trouble and distress, and it forms 
an appropriate crown to the strange eventful history of Mr. Lloyd George 
as so far set forward in the pages of Punch. As a member of a small nation 
he has throughout his career had a special tenderness for small nations ; as 
one who suffered, or saw others suffering, from oppression in his youth 
he has ever had a passion for freedom. It is meet that Wales should have 
furnished the statesman to compose as it furnished the soldier who started the 
secular quarrel between Britain and Ireland. Historians may differ regarding 
the merits of Mr. Lloyd George's policy. They must be at one in their appre- 
ciation of his astonishing career. I can think of no other case in this country 
of a lad born in poverty, equipped with a far from perfect education, and un- 
provided with any influence, rising by sheer force of personality and natural 
gifts to the very highest place in the realm and, what is perhaps more re- 
markable, staying there. Lincoln, whom in many respects Mr. Lloyd George 
resembles, furnishes perhaps the nearest parallel. But Lincoln was born in 
a young democratic country, where it is probably easier for a genius to " come 
through his horses," and unhappily he was cut off by death before he was able 
to show that, like Washington, he could be " first in peace " as well as " first 
in war." Mr. Lloyd George has passed both tests. He has now been a Minister 
of the Crown continuously for sixteen years a record unapproached by any 
other democratic statesman. He has steered his country successfully through 
the greatest war in its history, and has so far survived the almost deadlier 
perils that beset a statesman in peace. Without pretending to be a prophet 
I think he will yet furnish more material for Mr. Punch's genial satire. 

W. ALGERNON LOCKER. 




READY TO OBLIGE. 

Right Hon. Arlh-r J. B-lf-r (meditatively, aloud}. " I wish I could find a double to take i 
place in the House ! " 



TknitfkQld th* year 1905 Mr. Baljvur, Prime Minister, u'as worritd by the dissensions in the L'tiionisi It. 




CARNARVON, 1284-1906. 

King Edward the First . . MR. LLOYD GEORGE. The Infant Prince . . The Ne 

Minister for Welsh Kducation 
Mr. IJuyd George (M.P. for Carnarvon). "Look you now ; this is your man, wliateffer. 




LLOYD GEORGE AND HIS DRAGON. 
Lloyd George (to l\'elsh Goat). " Butt me no butts ! I'm going for him as fast as I can ! " 



ttack upon the 

[October 16, 1907.] 




LLOYD THE LUBRICATOR. 

There's a sweet little cherub that floats up aloft to watch o'er the life of John Bull. 
[With Mr. Punch's compliments to Mr. Lloyd George on his successful intervention in the late Railway Dispute.] 

[November 13, 1907. 




THE CABINET CHERUBS. 

(After REYNOLDS.) 



".\Ir. McKmnZ? M" (no-ji Lord] Harcourl, and Mr. Ri, 
25 




A PRESENTATION MILLSTONE. 

Mr. Asquith. " It is my pleasant duty, my dear Lloyd George, to hand on to you this 
trinket presented to me by a grateful country. I need hardly ask you to be worthy of it." 



by Mr. Asqtiilk in the Budget of 1908. 



xhetr.t introduced 




THE PHILANTHROPIC HIGHWAYMAN. 
Mr. Lloyd George. " I'll make 'em pity the aged poor ! " 




NOT THE BIRD SHE WAS. 

Farmer Lloyd George. " Now then, buck up, old girl, and get fat again." 
The Goose. " Well, the truth is, I seem to have lost confidence in myself." 

[September 23, 1908. 




A HANDY CUSTODIAN. 



lily. But that's the fellow I'm 

[October 14, 1908.] 




FRONTISPIECE TO VOL. 136 (JAN.- JUNE, 1909). 



camel, reluctant to carry the many nciu burdens imposed by Mr. Lloyd George in his first Budgtl. 
3 




THE JUNKER BUNKER. 

Mr. Lloyd George. " How are you getting on, Prince ? " Prince Bulow. " Badly, thanks." 
Mr. Lloyd George. " Well, I don't think much of your bunker ; you should see 'em on 
my course at home ! " 

[The Death-Duties scheme in Prince Billow's Budget is vigorously opposed by the Prussian " Junker."] 

[February 3, 1909.] 

Mr. Lloyd George was at this time preparing his sensational Budget of 1909. 
32 




PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT. 

"The expenditure of the year will be considerably in excess of that of the past twelve months . and i 

i=equ<:u.v less time than usual will, I fear, be ava 



able for the consideration of other legisl 



[February :.(, 1909.] 




The Giant Lloyd-Gorgibtisie, 



RICH FARE. 

" Fee, fi, fo, fat, 

I smell the blood of a Plutocrat ; 
Be he alive or be he dead, 
I'll grind his bones to make my bread." 



Mr. Lloyd George introduced the Budget, imposing increased i 

34 




V S ? 

^T a vJ ~ 
^ K i f 



"J J rt 

? 1.3? 



il|li 

J 2 1 J 1 




2 MI 

P a|3 




II 



II 

g. 
x ^ 



Mr. Lloyd George. " Of course, I shall land him all right. The only question is when ? 
The Fish. " Well, personally I'm game to play with you till well on into the autumn. 

[June 2, 190 





OUR MR. LLOYD GEORGE ON TOUR. 
First Citizen. " That's 'im, next the Mayor." 
Second Citizen. " Well, it ain't much like 'is pictures." 
First Citizen. " Ah ! But you wait till you 'ear 'im speak." 

[Certain Ministers, including the Chancellor of the Exchequer, are reported to have spoken theit political principles 
into a gramophone, for the benefit of The Budget League.) 




GETTING INTO DEEP WATER. 

Master Winston (to Master Lloyd). " Lay into him, David." 
Papa Asquith. " Steady on, you young terrors ; you're makini 



comfortable for 

[August ii, 1909.] 








CARRIAGE PAID. 

Citoyen George (to Condemned Aristocrats en route to Execution). " Gentlemen, we wish to 
make every concession that may suit your convenience. There will, therefore, be no charge 
for the tumbril." 

[August 18, 1909.] 



The peers and other great landowners 



t conciliated by the promise that the preliminary valuation should be paid for by < 




DECKED FOR THE SACRIFICE. 

Shepherd LInvJ George (having given finishing touches to his pet lamb). "You're too 
beautiful to die ! " 

ijnitget Lamb. " But perhaps the butcher will think so too, and then he won't kill me." 
Slicplier,/. " Uush ! Hush ! Don't talk nonsense." 

[October 27, 1909.1 




SUPPORTERS" RAMPANT. 
An Heraldic Inversion. 



[December 29, 1909.] 



. Asquith, as Print Minister, wasoccas 



ianally imbarrasscd by the speeches oj his youthful lieutenants, Mr. Lloyd George ar.d Mr. Churchill. 
46 




"WHEN CONSTABULARY DUTY'S TO BE DONE." 
Mr Lloyd George (to the new Home Secretary). " I suppose you're going to settle down 

M"- Winston Churchill. "Yes; but I shan't forget you. If you find yourself in trouble 
1 11 see if I can't get you a reprieve, for the sake of old tunes I " [February 23, 1910.;, 

Mr. Churchill was appointed Home Secretary after the General Election of January, 1910. 
Mr. Lloya George's Budget proposals were freely denounced as "felonious." 

48 




"THE BLAST OF WAR." 

King Henry (Mr. Asquith). " Once more unto the breach, dear friends, once more I " . . . 
Fluellen (Mr. Lloyd George). " Up to the breach, you dogs I Avaunt, you cullions 1 " 

[King Henry the Fifth, Act III.] 
[March 30, 1910.] 

Other Ministers represented are Messrs. Haldane, Birrell, ChurcliiU, and Burns. 
49 




THE WANDERER'S RETURN. 

Budget Bill. " Well, Father, aren't you pleased to see your che-ild 
Enthusiastic Parent. " Oh, it's you, is it ? Welcome Home ! " 



The Budget of 1909, having been rejected by thf Lords, was reintroduced %n April, 1910. 
5 




THE CONSTITUTION IN THE MELTING-POT. 
The Three Witches. " Double, double toil and trouble ! " Macbeth, Act IV, Scene I. 

ier, Mr. Asiiuitrl, kaji intr^n.^.i ^.,W:</^>i--. designed to abolish the Lords' veto on Legislation. 1 lie oilier " witches " 
Messrs. Lloyd George and Churchill. 
5 1 




THE LITTLE DOTARD. 

Registrar John Bull (to bearer of venerable infant). " Well, what can I do for it birth 
certificate or old-age pension ? " 

[April 20. 1910.] 



Many of On public mat still sceptical regarding the merits oj Ike Budget proposals. 

5 2 




PEGGING OUT HIS CLAIM. 
The New Goldfields, Budget Creek. 



Mr. Lloyd George kimsclj had no doubts as to the revenue-producing powers of his new lazes. 
53 




THE ARCH-DRUID OF DOWNING STREET. 

A Musical Correspondent at the Eisteddfod writes." Mr. Lloyd George then obliged with 
' Land of My Fathers.' The Chancellor of the Exchequer, in his rendition of the famous Land 
song, gave its full site value to every note." 

[September , 1910.] 



that was much discussion oj tht term " site value " in connexion with the new duties on land. 
54 







'THE NIMBLE GALLIARD. 



(" Mr. I,loyd (ieorge has shown i 
nimbleness and ability durins,' the 
Daily Paper.) 




MR. LLOYD GEORGE INTRODUCES QUEEN ELIZABETH. 

From a report in " The Times " of Mr. Lloyd George's speech at Reading." He 
wondered what would have happened if; Sir Francis Drake had said, ' I have 
only got two big ships for every one of the Spaniards', and only five small 
ones for every small one on their side. I really cannot face them.' There 
was a good old Welsh lady named Elizabeth Tudor on the throne of England 
at that time who had no fear of either German or Spaniard in her soul. She 
would have sent for Drake and have said to him, ' Come over here ; your head 
is more useful on Tower Hill than on a British man-of-war.' (I<oud cheers.) " 
[Other things equally unpleasant mitfht also have occurred.] [January 12, 1910.] 




B 1 

81 

s - 



O f 



- 
H 1 



1 



I 




LI'L ALFRED AND BOMBARDIER GEORGE 

(DISCUSSING THE INSURANCE nitr,). 



" My predecessor 
intent of the combatan 



advised by the Law Officers that if the object a 
vas to subdue each other by violent blows (laughte 

until one can endure it no longer (laughter) the contest is illegal. . . 
It depends not merely on the rules which are to apply, but on the way 
which the fight is actually conducted." Mr. McKenna's reply to a question 
a wholly different matter. 
[Mr. Lytiatnn and Ur. I.lnd (ievrgr: 




THE CHANCE OF A LIFETIME. 

Our Mr. Asquith. " Five hundred coronets, dirt-cheap I This line of goods ought to 
make business a bit brisker, what ? " 

Our Mr. Lloyd George. " Not half ; bound to go like hot cakes." 

[December 28, 1910.] 

The Government were reported to be ready, it necessary, to recommend the creation of five hundred new peers to overcome the opposition 

o/ the House of Lords. 

59 




BRINGING DOWN THE HOUSE. 



Mr. Lloyd George (responding to calls of "Author I " after the first performance of his great 
Insurance Drama). " Never knew the haloes come so thick before. Pit and gallery I'm used 



to, but now the stalls and dress-circle have broken out I " 



and gallery I': 

[May 17, 1911.] 



Tin National In 



t_llill_vas at first received milk general apprmal. 
60 




THE DOCTOR. 

(With Apologies to Sir Luke Fildes, R.A .) 

Patient (General Practitioner). " This treatment will be the death of me.' 
Doctor Bill. " I dare say you know best. Still, there's always a chance." 



The Insu 



jrotn the udit.al prvjc 




LEFT SITTING. 

Mr. Asquilh. " Well, we've had six months of the strenuous life, and it's our turn for a 
holiday." 

Mr. Lloyd George. " Yes. Let's hope it'll be theirs very soon." 

[August 30, 1911.] 




THE PITILESS PHILANTHROPIST. 

Mr. Lloyd George. " Now understand, I've brought you out to do you good, and good I 
will do you, whether you like it or not." 

[November . ,91,.] 



The Insurance Bill was still out of favour with many people, both employers and employed. 
63 




THE WOLF THAT WOULDN'T. 

Red Riding Hood (Mr. Lloyd George). " Hullo, Granny ; hasn't he tried to eat you ? " 
Grandmother (Insurance Bill) . " No never even touched me." 

Red Riding Hood. " Good I But, all the same, this isn't the story I've been brought 
up on." 

[December 20, 191 i.J 



Contrary to expectation, tht Lords passed th 



ill with littt 




FRONTISPIECE TO VOL. CXLI., JULY-DEC., 1911. 

[December : 



- doubtful as to the advantages of the Insurance Bill to their particular class. 

6s 




UNITED WE DIFFER. 

Mr. Lloyd George. " Votes for women ! Don't you listen to my esteemed colleague ! " 
Mr. Harcourt. " No votes for women ! My esteemed colleague is talking nonsense ! " 

[January 10, 1912.] 



The Ministry iras much divided on the subject of female suffrage. 
67 




CHRONIC DEPRESSION. 

Dame Consols (querulously). " I keep on feeling so low. Why can't you call in a doctor ? ' 
Sairey Lloyd-Gamp. " Which I can't a-bear the name o' sich I " [February 14, 1912.] 

The average price of Consols in 1911 was 79, a * compared with 16 in igoS 
6S 




SET STORMY. 

Liberal By-election Candidate. " I say, this looks pretty hopeless. Still going down 
Mr. Lloyd George. " Oh ! It'll be all right in a few years." 
Liberal By-election Candidate. " Yes ; but I've got to go out now." 

[March 13, 

A by-election in South \fanchcslir 'csulteil in the dejfat of tile Government candidate. 
69 




ECLIPSED. 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. " I'm afraid I shan't make much of a hit with this. It's sure 



Chancellor ot the Exchequer. " 1m atraid I 
to be cut out by the Collier problem picture.' 



[The right hon. gentleman is under a misapprehension if he imagines that Mr. John Collier is to exhibit a problem 
>""' [April 3, q,,,.] 

The Budget of 1912 contained lea novel features. 
7 




Patent Medicine (to the Author o, the I 
by you to the death ! " 



UNQUALIFIED ASSISTANCE. 

Bill). " Never mind, dear fellow, /'// stand 
[May 15, 19"-] 



SM was jeopardited by ttu opposition of Ou medical profession. 
72 




Winston. " Ship's biscuit, I think." 



ngthening the Navy to cope with the G, 
estimated surplus. 
73 



; would absorb most of Mr. Lloyd George': 




THE COMING OLYMPIC STRUGGLE. 
Active Training for the Passive Resistance Event. 



Mistrusts and maids combined in resistance to the "stamp-licking" proposals of the Insurance BUI- 
74 




THE GLORIOUS FIFTEENTH. 

Our St. Sebastian. " And now, ladies and gentlemen, after these refreshing preliminaries, 
let us get to business." [July 10, 1912.] 

The National Insurance Act came into force on July 15;*, 191.1. 
75 




"OLIVER ASKS FOR" LESS. 

John Bull (fed up). " Please, sir, need I have quite so many good things ? " 
Mr. Lloyd George. " Yes, you must ; and there's more to come." 




THE TAXABLE ELEMENT. 

First Lord. " The sea for me ! " 

Chancellor of the Exchequer. " Well, you can have it. Give me the land 1 " 

[August 7, 1912.] 

The land-taxes introduced by Mr. Lloyd George had already stimulated the sale of country properties. 
77 




MUTUAL SYMPATHY. 

Mr. Lloyd George. " Bad weather for the land, I'm afraid.' 
British Farmer. " Yes ; you'd better try taxing water-valui 



Tfu harvest of 1912 was much injured by 
78 




THE CREATION OF ENTHUSIASM. 

Chancellor of the Exchequer. " I think Professor Schafer must have been misinformed. 
I see no signs of life." 

[September 18, 1912.) 



/ the Presidential address 



station Prof. Schafer had suggested that lift might be created by chemical action. 
79 



THE BAIT. 
V/r. Lloyd George. " Surely he ought to take this one ! " 



Ike panel doctor's remuneration under the Notional Insurance Act was raised to Ss. (xt. per patient. 





SEMI-DETACHMENT. 

Gamekeeper (to poacher). " What are you doing here ? " 

Mr. Lloyd George (innocently). " I must refer you, sir, to the ferret, \vlio is acting 
adependeutly." 




VLJ 

The Chancellor introduces the Budget 

Mr. Lloyd George. " Not so tricky, perhaps, as some 

hat I've shown you, gentlemen, but a perfectly sound 

.erformer." [April 30, 1913.] 



"She would 'never desert him.'" 
(Mr. Lloyd George as Mr. Micawber.). 

[July 2, 1913.] 




MARKING TIME. 

Mary Ann (during a hitch). " Shall we ever get to the doctor's ? " 
Chauffeur Lloyd George (hopefully). " Oh, yes ; sooner or later." 
Mary Ann. " Well, I thought I'd ask, 'cause I see the ticker's going i 




THE SCHOLAR-POACHER. 

[Mr. Lloyd George, whose interest in the Land Enquiry is well known, has (according to Lord Haldane) announced 
i intention of throwing himself whole-heartedly into the Government scheme of National Education.] 

[January 22, 1913.] 



^1 "-1 

FREE&EASY 




\ \ Y 

RAG-TIME IN THE HOUSE. 

Edward Grey's Woman Suffrage Amendment produced some curious p; 



[January 29, 1913., 




THE RETURN OF THE GOLDEN AGE. 
(Vide the Lloyd-Georgics passim.) 



[February 12, 1913-' 




THE GERMAN LLOYD. 

Kaiser Willielm (on the new Berlin-London telephone). " Hullo, is that the Chancellor 
I say, what do you think of my new idea of taxing capital ? " 

Mr. Lloyd George. " Uxcdlent, sir. Most flattering, I'm sure." 
Kaiser Wilhelm. " And what do you do when they kick ? " 
Mr. Lloyd George. " Tax 'em all the more." 




A MODEST REQUEST. 

John Bull. " I've just been reading four volumes about your kind heart ; and now, 
by way of proving it, can't you take a little something off my income-tax ? " 

[April 2 19I3. 1 

A Lift of Mr. Lloyd George in four volumes had lately been published. 




"SWELLING VISIBLY." 

Mr. Lhyd George (Bwlx-t-maker). " Chest A liundred and ninety-five millions." 
John Bull. " That sounds rather flattering. Won't it be too big for me ? " 




TOO MANY PIPS. 



Asquith (to Lloyd George). fl Funny thing, mate ; 'e don't seem to know wot's good for 
*im. We shall 'ave to try again." 

[Mr. Asquith has promised a Bill to amend the Insurance Act.] [June ^ Jgi3 -j 

In one of his speeches on the Insurance Act Mr. Lloyd George had cakulated that the insured person got gd. in benefits for 

4d, in contributions. 

QO 




BLAMELESS TELEGRAPHY. 

John Bull. " My boys, you leave the court without a stain except, perhaps, for the 
whitewash." 

[June 25, 1013. 




PAINTING THE LILY. 




THE LAND-CAMPAIGNER. 

Mr. Lloyd George. " I wonder if I ought to ginger it up or water it down ? " 
[The Chancellor is reported to have been camping out on a Welsh mountain.] 



[September 3, 1913.] 






5 







THE LANDLORD'S NEMESIS. 

Pheasant (on the eve of the First). " They're going for me to-morrow." 
Mr. Lloyd George (fully armed for future events). " Die happy, bird I Ten days later I' 
ing for them." 

[The opening of the Chancellor's Land Campaign is promised for October ii.J 

[October i, 191 




THE IRREPRESSIBLE. 

Mr. Asquith (waiting for the "patter" to finish). "This is the part that makes me 
aervous ! " 

[October 29, 1913.] 




THE NEW ULYSSES. 
' Courage,' he said, and pointed toward the LAND." 



The Lotos- Eattn. 

[November 26, 1913.] 




THE LAND " CAMPAIGN." 

Scoutmaster A squith (to Scout George of the "Pheasant "Patrol). " What have you to report ? " 

Scout George. " The enemy is on our side, sir." 

Scoutmaster Asquith. " Then let the battle begin ! " 

[" Whatever can be done to improve the lot of the agriculturist will have the Opposition's cordial support." Pall 

' 



[December 17, 1913.] 




FRONTISPIECE TO VOL. CXLVI. 










THE THREATENED AGRICULTURAL MILLENNIUM. 

Departing Year. " ' Do I sleep, do I dream f , , . 
Or is visions about ? ' " 



[Almanack, 1914.] 




THE SAND CAMPAIGN. 
SCENE Algeria, on the border of the desert. 
The Arab and the Chancellor 

Were walking hand-jn-hand ; 
The latter wept a lot to see 

Such quantities of sand ; 
" Why are you holding up," he said. 
This very fertile land ? " 



[January 14, 19'4.] 




A DIVERSION. 

TSurglar George. " It's your money I want ! " 

John Bull. " My dear fellow, it's positively a relief to see you. I've just.been having such 




\ r X 




Ute 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer i \ V ,. / \\ 

as Fee,, In his opponents and by Ins admirers. j / /_ K 

[March Id, 191 .,.1 -*' ' 

SA\CTVS 
/ <*^t LLOYDIV5 




r/>^^s. 



/ 







3'Si^HS; ; ::f^fe\;;rtlMI 
TSe^wfeeiSS 



- - " >C-ri >5^ >T L--' "' 

S" ^^f:^!^ '7"\"' ' Mr - Llovd George and the 

' /^^. Ur^-' Disestablishment Bill 





' For the rest it was tlu 
nding out of barrel-ors;ai 
t has been going on thes 




Mr. Ctiancellor Micatrbcr. " Annual 
annual expendi. 
t; result, happi- 
.3, 1914.] 




THE LIBERAL CAVE-MEN; 

OR, A HOLT FROM THE BI.UE. 

Harassed Chancellor. " It's not so much for my feet that I mind they're hardened 
against this kind of thing ; but I do hate rocks on my head." 



! 6y Mr. Holt. M.P., and other wealthy Liberals. 
104 




1 EXTRY SPESHUL ! " 



" He did not want these adaptations of a 
German system which the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer seemed to have chosen." Lord 
Hugh Cecil. [July 22, 1914.; 




David (to the. Philistine). " .Look here, old 
man. I should hate to be the cause of any 
unpleasantness. Why not approach me as a 
deputation and talk things over > " 



The Chancellor of the Exchequer " 
homely character of coalheaver filling bunke 
of a battleship." 

[November 25, 191 



ANOTHER LEEK IN HIS CAP. 
Referring to the settlement of a coal dispute in South Wales. 




ALMOST TOO LATE. 

MR. LtoYD GEORGE ONI.Y JUST CATCHES THE VICTORIA 'Bus. 



[December 29, 1915.] 



The Minister of Munitions 



ictd that at last ye n-ere producing enough shells for our reyuirements. 

108 




PRESS THE BUTTON, AND UP COMES THE GENIE. 




OUT ON THE 

THE NEW SECRETARY FOR WAR [MR- LLOYD GEORGE] AXD HIS TRUSTY HEXCHMAX 
[LORD DERBY]. 

[July n, 191 




Photographer Lloyd George. " Nice day for a charming group photo, Sir, with this other 
gentleman a war-time study peace in the home-circle and so forth." 

[August 2, 1915.] 




THE MAN \PITH A PUNCH. SERGEANT LLOYD. GEORGE'S NEW RECRUITING 

[December 13, 19:6.] SONG 

" He's fat, fair and forty-owe." 
[November i, 1916.] 




THE NEW CONDUCTOR. 

OPENING OF THE 1917 OVERTURE. 



[December 20, 1916.] 



COULD I BE WITH NEITHER ! 




LOST IN THE POST. 



.Mr. Bantu Law said in tht House of Common!, " / have nobnore interest in this Prime Minister [Mr. Lloyd George} than I kad in 
the last" [Mr. Asquith}. 




THE NATION DEMANDS. 

:>Ir. Punch (to the Prime Minister). " If you must have dirty lineii washed in public during 
war, for God's sake, Sir, wash it clean." 

[July 4. 191?-] 




THE NEW LOAF. 
Mr. Lloyd George. " Lucky Rhondda ! But I taught 



numbers." 

[August 15. 




" KEEP THE HOME FIRES BURNING.' 



[September 5, 1917.] 



THE LETTER AND THE SPIRIT. 

Prime Minister. " You young rascal ! I never said that." 
Newsboy. " Well, I'll lay yer meant it." 





ot the 



INTERLUDE. 
ay I dealt with poisonous reptiles. What's the good of 



St. Patrick. " That's 
trying to charm it ? " 

Mr. Lloyd George. " I'm not trying to charm it. I'm just filling in the time." 

[November 7, 1917.] 




DAVID IN RHONDDALAND. 

David. " I'm often away from home. How do I get sugar 
The Mad Grocer. " You don't ; you fill up a form." 
David. " But I have filled up a form." 
The Mad Grocer. " Then you fill up another form." 



[December 5, 191;.] 




THE HEAD-BREAKERS. 

Nationalist. " Xo Conscription ! " 
Ulslerman. " Xo Home Rule ! " 

Prime Minister. " Break my head by all means, gentle 
Kaiser's first ! " 



a if only you'll break the 
[April 24, 1918.] 




Mr. Lloyd George (pumping up his second-hand 1916 Westminster). " I hope the old 'bus 
good for another six months." [July 17, 1918.] 

Ou-ing to the War, the Parliament, elected in December, 1910, for a term of file years, on five occasions lengthened its 




Mr. Punch. " Going to the country. Sir 

Mr. Lloyd George. " Well, we'll wait and 

[August 14, 



ELEMENTARY ECONOMICS. 

[February 



The long-expected General Election took place at 
ml of this year. 



At the opening of the new Parliament Mr. Uoyd George 
made a firm speech in reply to exonerated Labour demands. 




A CASE FOR DEFERMENT. 

Mr. Punch. " Who's the old dug-out ? " 

Mr. Llovd George. " That's luy friend, General Klection. I 
.ildu't give him a job." 




AND SO SAY ALL OF US. 

The Lancashire Lass. " What Lancashire gives you to-day she looks to you to give 

(September 18, 1918.] 




SOLDIER AND CIVILIAN. 

Marshal rock (to Messrs. Clemenccati, Wilson, and Lloyd George). " If you're going up 
that road, gentlemen, look out for booby-traps." 




GREAT EXPECTATIONS. 



[December 25, 1918.] 



7 he General Election was held on December nth, but the results were not known till December 2%th. 




THE 1919 MODEL. 

Mr. Punch. " They've given you a fine new machine, Mr. Premier, and you've got plenty 
spirit ; but look out for bumps." 




THE PROGRESSIVE WEIGHT-LIFTER. 



[February 5, 1919.] 




THE EASTER OFFERING. 

Mr. Lloyd George (fresh from Paris). " I don't say it's a perfect egg ; but parts of it, as 
the saying is, are excellent." 

[April 16, 1919.] 




THE CHEERFUL PACHYDERM. 

Elephant (faintly intrigued). " Who's that tickling me ? " 




THE SOLUTION. 

Mr. Lloyd George. " ' Direct action ' ? By Jove, that's an idea ! '' 



At this time then was much discussion in the Labour Party as to the vse of the strike-weapon for political purposes.) 
130 




THE DREAM THAT (APPARENTLY) WON'T COME TRUE. 

Sir Donald Maclean. " The people in this country want no Roman triumph." 
Lord Cur-ou. " The trial of the ex-Kaiser may very likely not be held in London." 




: ^ 



THE JUSTICE OF THE PEACE. 

. Mr. Lloyd George (coming on again after 
changing his dress). " The last act gave me 

Hope this next one won't turn it into a 



"I am afraid I am getting contro- 
versial."- 'Mr. Lloyd George, 

[February 18, 1920.] 




A DISTINGUISHED STRANGER. 

Mr. Bonar Law. " Come and have a look at the old place once more. I think I could 
get you in." [August 13, 1919.] 

The Prime Minister rarely attended the House of Commons this Session. 
132 




THE HAZARD. 

Mr. Lloyd George (using heavy niblick). " I don't say it's a showy weapon and I don't 
say it suits my well-known free style, but it's the only one for the situation." 




HIGHWAY POLITICS. 

Mr. Smillie. " Nationalization or your life ? " 

Mr. Lloyd George. " Certainly not my life. I can tell you that at once. I don't need 
to consult the Press about that." 

[September 17, 1919.] 




THE RETURN OF LLOYDGEORGIUS TARQINIUS. 

Chorus of Departmental Poppies. " Here comes Superbus. Some of us are going to get 
it in the neck ! " 

[September 24. I9I9-1 




NO REST FOR THE WIZARD. 

The Prime Minister (weary with the strain of the strike). " Now for forty winks." 
The Mosquito. " Ping ! " 

[October 15.' 1919.] 




HERCULES AT HOME. 

Prime Minister (to faithful attendant). " What's the next labour ? " 
Mr. Bonar Law. " Well, if you'll forgive my humour, there are these Lloyd-Georgean 
stables that want cleaning out." 




THE SERVANT PROBLEM. 

Mother of Parliaments. " Of course times are changed, and my servants expect greater 
freedom ; but I must really ask you, David, to be here to answer the bell one day a week." 
David. " Very well. Madam. If you insist I will arrange to make Thursday my ' At 
' day." 

[November 19, 1919.] 



II,. 



Mr. Lloyd George 



future He would attend the House of Co 
13* 



s at queslitn-time on Thursday 




TRIALS OF AN IDEALIST. 

Lloyd-Bunthorne. " Do you know what it is to yearn for the indefinable, and yet to be 
brought face to face, daily, with the multiplication table ? " 

Patience. " If you please, I don't understand you. You frighten me." (patience, Act I.) 

[December 17, 1919.] 




THE GREAT POSTPONEMENT. 
Prime Minister. " Trust ! " 
Irish Pig. " I'm fed up with trusting." 



[December 24, 1919-] 




ALL DONE BY KINDNESS. 



[December 31, 1919.] 



The Government of Ireland 13 il 




THE HEIR PRESUMPTIVE. 

Labour. " Perhaps it's a size too big for me at present." 
Coalition. " Glad you feel like that, as I haven't quite finished with it." 

[January 14, 1920.] 




A DOWNING STREET MELODRAMA. 

The Premier. " Come on in, Bonar ; I love these fancy blood-curdlers. Best tonic in 
the world." 

[February 4, 1920.] 




A TEST OF SAGACITY. 

Mr. Lloyd George. " Ladies and gentlemen, with, the letters I have placed before him 
our learned friend will now spell out something that signifies the greatest happiness for 
Ireland." 



The Pig. " I can't make the beastly thing spell ' republic.' " 



[February 18, 1920.] 



; denounced by the Republican Party in Ireland. 
144 




THE RETURN OF THE EX-CHAMPION. 

Mr. Lloyd George. " Welcome back ! I've been wanting a sparring partner to get me 
into condition ; and you're the very man." 



Mr. Asquith was relumed for Paisley in February. 
146 




THE KINDEST CUT OF ALL. 

Welsh Wizard. " I now proceed to cut this map into two parts and place them in the hat. 
After a suitable interval they will be found to have come together of their own accord (aside) 
at least let's hope so ; I've never done this trick before." 

[March 10, 1920.] 



The Miniate 



l of Ulster ; 



: of hela nd Bill 




A ST. PATRICK'S DAY DREAM 
(MARCH 17). 

The Idyllist of Downing Street (with four-leaved shamrock). "She loves me 1 
But perhaps I'd better not go any further." 




WHAT'S IN A NAME ? 

Mate. " While we are doin' her up, what about givia' her a new name ? How would 
' Fusion ' do ? " 

Captain. " ' Fusion ' or ' Confusion ' it's all one to me so long as I'm skipper." 

[March 24, 1920.] 




" OLIVER ' ASKS ' FOR MORE." 

Miner. " You'll be sorry one of these days that you didn't give me Nationalization." 
Premier. " If you keep on like this, there won't be any nation left to nationalize you." 

[April 7, 1920 1 




A LEVY ON PATRIOTISM. 




FROM TRIUMPH TO TRIUMPH. 



Mr. Uoyd George. " I've made peace with Germany, with Austria, with Bulgaria, and 
now I've made peace with France. So there's only Turkey, Ireland and Ix>rd Northcliffe 
left." [May 5, 192-] 



.52 




THE RELUCTANT THRUSTER. 

Mr. Asquith (performing the junction of a battering-yarn). " I confess that at my time of 
life I should have preferred a more sedentary if less honorific sphere of usefulness." 



Mr. Asquith's criticisms of the Government were considered by some of kis parly to lie wanting in vtgwr. 
'53 




THE PARLIAMENTARY TRAIN. 

Porter Law. " Some of this stuff will have to be left for the relief train if we have one." 
Mr. Lloyd George. "That's all right so long as you can carry my little lot." [May 26, 1920.] 




AT THE MILLENNIUM STORES. ^^^^ 

Mr. Lloyd George (Chairman). You've worked splendidly up to Christmas, and if you'll put your backs 
for the New Year trade I'll see if I can't give you a good long holiday in the autumn." 

Mr. Bonar Law (Manager). " Or some other time." [December 29, 1930.] 

Mr. Bonar Law, Mr. Uoyd George, Mr. Shorn, Mr. Chamberlain, Mr. Neal, Sir Eric Geddes, Sir Robert Horne, Mr. Churchill. 
54 




ENVOYS EXTRAORDINARY. 

Prime Minister (to Bolshevist Delegates). " Happy to see you, gentlemen. But would you 
mind going round by the tradesmen's entrance, just for the look of the thing ? " 



// was explained that the reception of the Russian trade delegates did not imply " recognition " of Ike Bolshevist Govtrntrient. 
155 




THE GREAT IMPROVISER. 



Mr. Lloyd Ccorft mas , 



iamb* in Punch "th. 
.56 




DIRECT REACTION. 

Labour Extremist. " He's a bit too quick on the rebound." 

[Mr. Lloyd George gave a very straight answer to the representative of those members of the National Union of Railwaymen 
who had refused to handle munitions intended for the defence of the Royal Irish Constabulary against murderous attack.] 

[June 16, 1920.] 



'57 




I OU. 

German Delegate (at Spa Conference). " We have no money ; but, to prove that we are 
anxious to pay you back, let nie present you with our Bernhardi's new book on the next 
war.' 1 

[July 7, 1920.] 




IF WINSTON SET THE FASHION 

Premier (entering Cabinet Council Room). " What nobody here ? " 

Butler. " You forget. Sir. This is Press day. The gentlemen are all finishing their 
newspaper articles." 




THE PROBLEM. 

Poland (to Mr. Lloyd George, organizer of the Human Chess Tournament). " How are you 
going to play the game ? I was led to believe I was to be a queen, but I find I'm only a 
pawn." 

[August 18, 1920.] 




'THE LION OF LUCERNE." 

Mr. Lloyd George (having jodelled heavily). " Not a single dissentient echo ! This is the 
sort of peace conference I like." (Continues to jodel.) 

[August 25, 1920.] 



The Prime Minister took a brief holiday in Lucerne this 
161 




SNOWED UNDER. 

The St. Bernard Pup (to his Master). " This situation appeals to my hereditary instincts. 
Shall I come to the rescue ? " 

[Before leaving Switzerland Mr. Lloyd George purchased a St. Bernard pop.] 

[September 15, 1920.] 




A PROSPECTIVE JONAH ? 

77(e Captain (to Sir Eric Geddes). " I sometimes wonder whether a man of your ability 
;ht not to lind a better opening." 

.It is rumoured that the Ministry of Transport is to have a limited existence.] 



,63 




THE EXPERTS. 

Asquith. " Give him his head ! " 

Grey. " Tell him you'll cut the string in a couple of years I 

Morley. " What you want is a more powerful sanity ! " 



[October 13, 1920.] 




THE LAST STRAW. 

The Camel Driver. " Now, which hump had this better go on ? " 

The Camel. " It's all the same to me. It's bound to break my back anyhow." 

[November 24, 1920.] 




THE ROAD TO ECONOMY. 

The Shepherd. " I wonder if auy of you sheep could show me the way." 
[" Let the Nation set the example (in economy) to the Government." Mr. Lloyd George.} 




THE ECONOMISTS. 
SCENE. The Coalition Golf Club de luxe. 
Mr. Bonar Law. " Dare we have caddies ? " 
Mr. Lloyd George. " No, no. We are observed. The place is alive with electors.' 



[December 15, 1920.] 



: M.P. ! " Pos 



tt-Wasle /'rcss.l 




A BOXING NIGHTMARE. 

The Good Fairy Geotgina. " I wave my wand Utopia doth appear . . . 

(extemporizing) Something's gone wrong. O dear ! O dear 1 O de 




:r 



THE WORLD'S PREMIER DUETTISTS. 

The Welsh Harp. " You won't take this piece too furioso, will you, dear boy ? " 
The French Horn. " Certainly not, mon brave ; not if you don't take it too~_moderalo." 

[January 26, 1921.] 

Mr. Lloyd George had several conferences this year with M. Briand, the French Premier. 
170 




IN THE LAND OF HIS FATHERS. 

Mr. Lloyd George (who in the act of apostrophizing his native mountains has been bitten by an 
Independent Welsh Rabbit). " Et tu, Brute 1 " 



A! a b)-elec!ion in C ard^anslnre there was a heavy poll against the Government. 




" IN THE SPRING A PRESS-MAN'S FANCY 
Law. " Everything seems very forward this year." 



MY. Lloyd George. " Yes an 
Mr. B. L. " What do we w 
Mr. L. G. " My dear fellow, 



t reminds me are we ready for a General Election ? " 

ith a General Election ? " 

ot my idea ; I got it out of the papers." 

[February 9, 1921.] 




TROTSKY LIMITED. 

Our Mr. George. " Good morning, gentlemen. I'm afraid I've called on your busy day." 
(March 23, 1921- 

J'tu: :r&de-azrtmcnt with Russia inu,ie s!o-^ pr'^ias owing to the anarchy in that country. 
>73 




THE NEW SEVEN. 

Mr. Austen Chamberlain. " I'm afraid it'll be difficult to fill your place in the boat.' 
Mr. Bonar Law. " Oh, you'll find stroke an easy man to follow." 
Mr. Lloyd George. " So long as the bow side don't try to pull me round ! " 

[March 30, i! 

Mr. Chamber/am had just succeeded Mr. Law as Leader of the House. 
'74 




THE WATCH ON THE RUHR. 
-17. Bna</ (recruiting for the Entente}. " Voild, nun brave, doesn't that tempt you ? " 

[May 4, 1921-] 




LIGHTENING THE SHIP. 

And be 



ient Mariner 
appeth one in five." 

Alter Coleridge. 



Captain Lloyd George. " I regret that I must ask twenty per cent, of you to walk the 
plank. As an act of clemency I leave the selection to yourselves." 

nents ordering them t<5 make recommendations for the reduction 




THE AXE OF DECONTROL. 

Mr. Punch. " I'm all for the free use of that weapon of yours ; but I should spare this 
tree. It's worth keeping." 




THE WOMAN WITHOUT A DUSTER. 

Britannia (to George the Butler). " I understand that we have nothing definite for this 
young person to do." 

Addison (the Maid oj-no-parlicular-work) . " Don't mention it, Mum. So long as I can 
stay along o' Mr. George here and draw my money regular, I'll never desert you." 

[June , J9 si. 




THE TEN-MILLION-POUND SEAT. 

John Bull. " Thank Heaven,' that's over. A very tedious and costly show ; and I 
vcr want to see another like it." 

[July 6, i 93 .-.l 



The coal stoppage, lastii 



country many millions of 



POLITICAL REVERSALS 
Sergeant-Major George. " When I say ' About turn ! ' you're to turn about smartly thu 



[Sir A. Griffith-Boscawen, Sir Eric Geddes, Sir Alfred Mond. Sir Ha 



a-as remarkable for changes in the Government's agricultural, transport, housing and Irish policies 





HIS FRIEND THE ENEMY. 

Uncle Sam (to Mr. Lloyd George). " Say, your man Northcliffe is some Press-agent ; he's 

[August 3, 1921.] 



Jhe Xuri,:.,iffe 1'rcss strongly fn-.e^-d aiainst the proposal th.it the 1'rime .Minister should attend the Washington Conference. 

181 




THE SUPREME SHOWMEN. 

M. Briand and Mr. Lloyd George (together). " Cruelty to animals! Why. it's all done 
by tact and kindness." 




the Greeks and the 7 urkish 




THE READY-RECKONER. 

Mr. Lloyd George (assimilating the lesson with his usual alacrity). " Well, it's very evident 
that if I want to win the General Election I mustn't be identified with myself." 

[August 31, 1921.] 

The success of Anti-Waste candidates was the feature of the current by-elections. 
184 




THE, MOUNTAINEER. 

Ratepayer (to the Premier}. " I know you're always kee 
noticed this one ? " 



DUntaius, Sir. Have you 



[The Premier, after his visit to Blair Castle, said he bad been "greatly pleased with the magnificent scenery of the 



,85 




THE PROBLEM PLAY. 

Our ever-jeune Premier (conning his part). " Now here am I, a Welshman, look you : 
and I haf to come on in a Highland ' set,' and play a scene in English all about Ireland 
with a Spanish-American and lead up to a happy ending. Well, well, I hope it will be all 
right on the night ! " 
[September 14, 1931.] 

Mi. Lloyd George founj great diffi;ulty in inducing Mr. de Valera, the Irish Republican " President," to come Mo conference. 




WORK FOR ALL. 

Prime Minister. " Come on, everybody, and lend a hand. This isn't a one-man job ! " 

[Octol,i>r 5, 1921.] 




NAUGHT DOING. 

Knight of the Round Table. " Wilt not mount behind and ride with me to slay yon 

Detached Knight of Labour. " Nay. I will e'en stand apart and mark what sorry mess 
thou makest of it." 

[October 19, 1921.] 




ALLEVIATION'S ARTFUL AID. 

Dr. Lloyd George (to Sufferer from Unemployment Epidemic). " I don't say these four hot- 
water bottles will absolutely cure you, but they should relieve the trouble ; and anyhow 
they're better than hot air." 

[October 26, 1921.] 




A CABINET PICTURE. 

Mr. Lloyd George (to Miss Ulster). " A leetle too serious, my dear ; I 



want to s 

[November 



that 

1921.] 




FOR THIS RELIEF MUCH THANKS. ' 

5/. David (supplementing the work of SI. Patrick). " There goes the last and the worst 

[December 14, 1921.] 



;igncd vn December 



' 93 




A TRANSPARENT DODGE. 

Germany. " Help ! Help ! I drown 1 Throw me the life-belt ! " 
e "Try standing up on your feet." 



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